Saturday, July 27, 2013


Pauls always been borrowing his red stylish sporty-looking newer car to his brother who’s lending it while his old battered rust-spotted white vehicle is in the garage for repairing.

1. Name: For some of you, the name “Paul” is unfamiliar, and you didn’t recognize that there is no “s” on the end; It doesn’t make sense to make this an apostrophe s because neither the verb “is” or “has” works here and there is no following noun that would make it possessive.

2. Word confusion: lend and borrow--someone lends to you; you borrow from someone else.

3. Verb tense: Given that the first verb should be “lend” and not “borrow” and there is a sense of repetitive action up to and including the present, use either the simple present tense--lends--or the present progressive “is lending”. If you use the present progressive, then the adverb “always” places between the two parts of the verb.

4. Adjective word order: The rule for adjective word order is opinion, dimension, age, shape, colour, origin, material: this produces 1) stylish, sporty-looking, newer, red car; 2) battered, old, rust-spotted, white vehicle. Some of you were more creative and grouped adjectives and then combined the groups with a coordinating conjunction. That’s another good way to solve the problem.

5. Verb tense: whether or not the simple present or present progressive tense is used for the verb in the first clause, in the second clause, the verb which should be “borrow” needs to be in the simple present tense (borrows). This means there is no apostrophe s attached to “who”.

6. Word form: after “for” do not use the gerund, use the basic noun form either singular or plural.
Sample answer: Paul always lends his stylish, sporty-looking, newer, red car to his brother who borrows it while his battered, old, rust-spotted, white vehicle is in the garage for repairs.


Correct the errors in the following sentence:

If you shouldn't mind me to ask where you are going when me and my sister’s seen you last week as you had been getting on bus on the Main street.

Remember that there is more than one possible correct answer.


Previous puzzle: Suggested answers

1. a. Outer layer                           b. Oxidized metal                          Crust / Rust
2. a. Defraud; violate rules           b. Thermal energy in transit          Cheat / Heat
3. a. Sensation of cold                  b. Local land elevation                  Chill / Hill
4. a. Go upward                           b. Jointed appendage; branch         Climb / Limb
5. a. Strong metal rope                 b. Having necessary skill               Cable / Able
6. a. Confined; restrained             b. Old; grew older                        Caged / Aged
7. a. Stop; discontinue                  b. Freedom from hardship           Cease / Ease
8. a. Lacking dirt                          b. Lacking fat                              Clean / Lean

New Puzzle: Take the given words, and by moving a single letter from one word to the other, make a pair of synonyms, or near synonyms. For example, given: Boast - Hip, move the 's' from 'Boast' to 'Hip' creating two synonyms: Boat - Ship.

1. Burn - Bead
2. Rid - Tripe
3. Grove - Rout
4. Charm - Rush
5. Cream - Sweep


Change the words in the sentence below as indicated. You can only change the exact word in the sequence given; after someone else has posted the next change, then you can post another change.

 For instance, student 1 writes #1 Subject Noun, and changes the subject noun; Student 2 writes #2 Direct Object Noun, and changes that noun. Each student only makes one change at a time and keeps to the order indicated. 

If you complete all 7 changes, then start making more changes again from 1 to 7. Each student should build on the changes that the previous students make. Please number the change you make.

The little boy enthusiastically waved a maple leaf flag at the parade.

Changes:        1. subject noun                  2. direct object noun                       3. indirect object noun                       4. adjective(s)                 5. adverb(s)              6. verb name     7. verb tense


Use the type of clause, phrase, or grammar indicated to complete the following sentence; you can add the phrase or clause before or after (not both) to the clause below:

...Canada Day was a very special celebration for me...

Sentence 1: Add a phrase            
Sentence 2. Add a dependent clause    
Sentence 3. Add an independent clause


Vocabulary building is important for both reading comprehension and writing. Use the following two words (note the part of speech) in one sentence.

Recidivist      (noun)       +       gratuitous      (adjective)

To further improve your vocabulary, check Word of the Day every day! There are also word games and puzzles on this site.


Use the verb with the base form of celebrate in two different sentences. 

Sentence 1 should be in the active voice; sentence 2 should reword the sentence to the passive voice.